Project description by jury
The project brings retailer IKEA to the center of Vienna, rethinking the big box (megastore) typology. In stark contrast to other retail centers of this kind that are usually located on the outskirts of urban centers, this project is the first full-size IKEA store to open in the heart of a city, rethinking urban planning practices and reducing the proliferation of suburban strip malls. Typologically, the building is conceived as flexible infrastructure, easily adaptable for future changes and for other tenants. The steel structure is also an easily demountable and recyclable system.
In addition, the building intends to go beyond displaying merchandise by offering additional areas to the public: a plaza at the entrance level, balconies, a rooftop and cafeteria accessible to everyone, so as to create a continuity with the urban pedestrian zone. Served by an efficient public-transport infrastructure, the building does not include car parking areas, thereby promoting eco-friendly mobility. The environmental concept also accounts for the integration of vertical gardens for the enhancement of outdoor air quality and improved comfort, as the plants act as shading devices.
“Someday, all department stores will become museums, and all museums will become department stores”. With these words Andy Warhol seems to have prophesized how the boundaries between commercial and public architecture are increasingly blurred. The Holcim Awards jury Europe was fascinated by the project’s exemplification of this paradigm shift: a retail center that seeks to recreate a dialog with the city, benefiting from its density and giving back to it through curated public space and proximity. As such, the project extends the visitor’s – rather than customer’s – experience to a different level. The jury also commended the flexibility and adaptability enabled by the organizational structure, giving the project long-term durability beyond its current use. If considered as a paradigm shift of the big box, the impact of such practices could change not only our relationship to retail, but also our patterns of urbanization.See more
As a Main category prize winner in the regional Holcim Awards 2020, Integrated Big Box in Austria automatically qualified as a finalist in the Global Holcim Awards 2021.
New retail buildings are usually built outside of city centers, hence the proliferation of suburban malls and strip shopping centers. Countering this trend is the first full-size IKEA store in a city center – in Vienna. The building is conceived as lean and flexible infrastructure, easily adaptable to future changes. “You have to make a building that will be loved for many decades,” says prizewinner Jakob Dunkl of querkraft architekten, Vienna, Austria. “It’s flexible, so it will stay for a long time. This is sustainable.” The jury commended the flexibility and adaptability resulting from the carefully designed building systems, promising long-term durability well beyond the initial use.Read more »
The number of trees on our building is much more than on the site itself might have found place. Literally, we lifted the park with trees up to a height of more than 30 meters, and additionally used all 4 facades to grow a lot of additional trees. It is functional green, for shading and local cooling, as well as emotional green, giving the eye and soul a good place to rest, in the middle of the vibrant town.
The new IKEA City store enables visual connection, using glass in the façade. Together with the green façade and well balanced structural shading the solar gains are still under excellent control.
IKEA Vienna consumes energy scarcely: Highly compact, well insulated and shaded, equipped with concrete core heating/cooling, equipped with sluice/air lock doors. This well-balanced approach leads to excellent energy efficiency, with a heating demand of only 6 kWh/ma and a cooling demand of only 12 kWh/ma. In connection with district heating the carbon footprint for all energy services, including heating, cooling, hot water and lighting is no more than 32 kg/ma.See more
A megastore is brought from the urban outskirts to the city center of Vienna to promote new sustainable design practices …
Author comment by Jakob Dunkl, Architect, querkraft architekten, Vienna, Austria on Integrated Big Box in Austria – …
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