How does sustainable construction support the Indonesian government to improve the quality of education? This was the question addressed by two Holcim Awards winning teams at an event hosted by Holcim Indonesia at the Jakarta Design Center. A series of “Microlibrary” learning centers that aim to raise literacy by offering attractive spaces for reading by SHAU; and a school hub built using local materials that empowers local craftsmen by SASO Architecture Studio were showcased. Both projects illustrate how sustainable design can improve education quality – a commitment made by the national government under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) framework of the United Nations.
Microlibrary network focused on accessibility
The Microlibrary in Indonesia project by SHAU that was a Global Holcim Awards 2018 finalist is part of a larger concept to construct a network of small libraries across Indonesia. Project author Daliana Suryawinata explained that eager-learning students are hindered by the lack of facilities. Libraries are not popular because they are generally located in city centers, too far away from where people live to be convenient to visit. The architects from SHAU designed a series of small library buildings that are unique and attractive: “The ‘Microlibraries’ are about fulfilling a community need in a sustainable manner while also enhancing performance through building materials selection and eco-friendly designs” explained Suryawinata.
The project was a Global Awards finalist following its selection as Holcim Awards Silver for Asia Pacific 2017. Daliana Suryawinata (pictured below, left) and Florian Heinzelmann from SHAU have already completed the “Bima Microlibrary” and “Taman Lansia Microlibrary” in Bandung, while four more libraries are under construction and a further two “Kayu Microlibrary” in Semarang and “Fibonacci Microlibrary” in Bandung are at the planning stage.
The Global Holcim Awards Finalist certificate was presented to Daliana Suryawinata by Oepoyo Prakoso, Sustainable Development Manager at Holcim Indonesia who explained how buildings have the capacity to make a major contribution to a more sustainable future. “We are very proud of what the architects from SHAU have achieved, and especially of their success in the Awards competition. Architecture has a vital role to play in attaining sustainable development in Indonesia – and through sustainable construction there are many benefits for society and the environment,” said Prakoso.
At the presentation of the certificate Gunawan Tjahjono, Professor of Architecture at the University of Indonesia, noted that “the most promising feature of the project by SHAU is the idea to empower local craftsmen, through education and vocational training programs, with a focus on sustainable construction and local materials.” Kamil Muhammad from pppooolll architecture design/research studio also attended the event. He is the main author of the Acknowledgement prize winning “Growing Grassroots in Indonesia” project that plans to transform the existing farmland on the outskirts of the Jakarta metropolitan region into a training center for young farmers interested in promoting organic agriculture, with the support of local stakeholders.
Upgraded school building based on maintaining local values
Three young architects Andi Subagio, Danna Priyatna, and Theodorus Deotama of SASO ArchitectureStudio won a Holcim Awards Next Generation prize 2017 for their design, School Hub in Indonesia, designed for construction in the small town of Ruteng towards the western end of the island of Flores. The project provides a school for teaching and learning, and also improves the quality of life for the community by offering a hub and connection point. Construction uses lightweight concrete blocks fabricated by the community and Flores bamboo – reputed to be some of the best bamboo worldwide for construction.
Andi Subagio (pictured left) and Danna Priyatna recently attended the Holcim Awards Lab in Mexico City where some 50 Next Generation prizewinners from around the world met at the Universidad Iberoamericana (IBERO) to encourage progress towards sustainability in building and construction. The Lab was a platform to further develop cutting-edge projects and exchange ideas in concurrent workshops across scales from micro to macro, and included young professionals and students from 25 countries.
Andi Subagio was enthusiastic about the benefits of the Awards Lab: “We had the opportunity to network with other young professionals from around the world and share concepts for improving sustainability of the built environment. On top of that I had the chance to meet some of my idols from architecture and the learning was amplified through exchange with so many like-minded people,” said Subagio.
Indonesia has been one of the most successful countries in the Holcim Awards for Sustainable Construction with some ten winning projects over five competition cycles. The next Holcim Awards competition will open for entries in mid-2019.See more
How do you get people to make use of books? By bringing the books to them. And by building libraries that attract people like a magnet. With its concept of microlibraries, the architects demonstrate how this is done – in Indonesia or anywhere else in the world.
Daliana Suryawinata and Florian Heinzelmann are probably just what you would picture as a modern cosmopolitan couple. They would likely feel at home anywhere in the world. Both studied architecture in their native countries: Daliana Suryawinata in Jakarta, Indonesia, and Florian Heinzelmann in Munich, Germany. They went on to receive their master’s degrees at the Berlage Institute in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, where they met and became a couple. In 2009 they founded the practice of SHAU – together with Tobias Hofmann – which has established offices in Bandung, Passau, and Rotterdam.
The two are involved in numerous projects. Daliana Suryawinata, for example, worked in the Netherlands with the renowned architects Rem Koolhaas and Winy Maas and managed the European branch of the Indonesian Institute of Architects. Florian Heinzelmann was a project leader for UN Studio’s Fraunhofer Institute – Center of Virtual Engineering in Stuttgart, which received a Gold certificate from the German Sustainable Building Council (DGNB). The responsible handling of social and environmental issues is always a central concern in all their projects.
SHAU has defined an ambitious tar get: to create 100 microlibraries throughout Indonesia. Of course, this is just a number, but it shows that the network should be substantial – with the advantage that synergies can be exploited. The mayor of Jakarta once said he wanted 100 shopping malls in his city; 100 microlibraries would be a fitting cultural counterpart. The surprising thing is that SHAU wants to custom design each of the 100 microlibraries.
87 percent of Indonesia’s over 260 million inhabitants are Muslim. The religion requires them to pay zakat – a tithe to the needy. Charitable organizations and projects for the poor therefore find it somewhat easier to get funding in Indonesia than elsewhere. Nevertheless, it was not easy for SHAU to finance and realize their first microlibrary. That was also because no suitable place for the building could readily be found. The first project was finally realized in Bandung, in the provincial capital southeast of Jakarta, where Daliana Suryawinata and Florian Heinzelmann have been living with their nine-year-old son since 2015. The mayor of Bandung, Ridwan Kamil, is an architect himself, and he was roused by the enthusiasm of his colleagues. The library was thus built with the support of Dompet Dhuafa, the City of Bandung, and the Indonesian Diaspora Foundation.
The first library “Taman Bima” was built on a pre-existing stage in a public square. The building protects and shades the previously open-air stage. It consists of a structural steel frame, concrete floor and roof, and walls built of 2,000 recycled plastic ice-cream containers. The plastic containers were installed in such a way as to provide pleasant lighting and natural ventilation in the library. The microlibrary is well used. For instance, classes from a nearby school visit every day.
The success of this first microlibrary encouraged the participants to realize a second facility of this kind in Bandung – and to take advantage of the experience gained through the first project. “Taman Lansia” is a simple low-tech box made of concrete, whose permeable facades allow cross ventilation. “Taman Lansia” was much easier to erect than the microlibrary “Taman Bima,” which, although spectacular in appearance, taxed the skills of the local craftsmen to their limits. The Lansia library also has a public prayer room and public toilets as well as the possibility for the “librarian” to sell snacks and drinks. Since he or she is not employed by the city, the librarian is able to generate income.
More projects are already in the pipeline: the “hanging garden library,” a sort of large staircase made from planter boxes with a rooftop viewing platform, and the “Fibonacci microlibrary,” which SHAU submitted for the Holcim Awards competition and was winner of the Asia Pacific Silver Award. The “Fibonacci microlibrary” is undoubtedly the most powerful design in the series so far. It is a pavilion made of lightweight concrete, open on all sides, and is therefore very inviting. It doesn’t look like a library at all, but rather a structure of open and semi-open spaces that cannot be fathomed at first glance – a place where every visitor finds their retreat for reading.See more
As one of the three main Holcim Awards winners for Asia Pacific in 2017, “Microlibrary” automatically qualified as a finalist in the Global Holcim Awards 2018. All 15 finalist project teams were asked to submit an updated and more comprehensive entry that was evaluated by a global jury in March 2018.
The results of the global phase of the 5th Holcim Awards competition were announced on March 28, 2018.
Indonesia has an enviable record when it comes to the Holcim Awards – and the current cycle has been no exception with an Awards Silver, Acknowledgement prize and Next Generation prize all heading to Indonesia. In addition to a media conference, a forum attended by architects, students and construction professionals illustrated the positive impacts of sustainable design – and raised awareness of the Holcim Awards competition in the process.
The reception in Jakarta featured presentations by the prize-winning teams as well as former Awards jury member Professor of Architecture Gunawan Tjahjono from the University of Indonesia. "The Holcim Awards supports professionals and students who are focussed on building a better future," he said.
Daliana Suryawinata from SHAU, whose "microlibrary" project that creatively promotes literacy and community across Indonesia and won the Holcim Awards Silver, was proud of Indonesia's achievement in the competition. "The competition creates a special place for architecture that benefits the community," she said.
An Acknowledgement prize went to Kamil Muhammad of pppooolll, for an organic farm and vocational center on the outskirts of Jakarta metropolitan region. "This prize confirms our approach in going in the right direction," he said.
Next Generation prize-winner Andi Subagio from SASO emphasised the impact of the Awards competition: "Nothing compares to the Holcim Awards in terms of exposure and publicity – especially for young professionals eager to meet with experts," he said.
The winners of the writing competition for journalists and photo-journalists were also celebrated at the event. The writing competition was conducted during the Awards entry period and announcement of results to encourage media engagement with the Holcim Awards, and through this build interest in approaches to sustainable construction across Indonesia.See more
The promotion and dissemination of knowledge is a recurring theme in the LafargeHolcim Awards – and is reiterated within the project by SHAU from Bandung, Indonesia. Their pavilion in a park is as minimalistic as it is well conceived – providing not only a public library, but also storage facilities, public toilets, and a prayer room. “The project is open on all sides to the park surrounding it, inviting the community to enter and explore; it constructs a territorial landmark reinforcing literacy and defining community,” said the jury.
The Holcim Awards is about more than just beautiful buildings. It stands out as the world’s most significant competition for sustainable design. The criteria of the USD 2 million Awards are as challenging as the goal of sustainability itself. The competition seeks projects at an advanced stage of design, not finished works. It acknowledges designs that go beyond current standards, showcase sustainable responses to technological, environmental, socioeconomic, and cultural issues affecting contemporary construction, and deliver truly visionary solutions to the way we build.
The first phase of the Holcim Awards competition takes place in five regions, leading to a global phase for the regional winners. The Asia Pacific competition region is particularly diverse in terms of cultures, countries, and climates. This was perfectly reflected in the more than 1,100 projects submitted. Jury member Marc Angélil, Professor of Architecture and Design at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH Zurich), noted how the “target issues” for sustainable construction, set forth by the Holcim Foundation and its affiliated universities, allow diverse projects to be compared and ranked. These “target issues” define the principles of sustainability in a holistic way, independent to the type of project or its scale. Marc Angélil also noted the high quality of submissions: “Sustainability has become comprehensive, systematic and specific – you have to deliver a truly special entry to stand out!”
Gold: Home for marginalized children in India
atArchitecture from Mumbai, India, plans to replace an unacceptably deficient shelter for marginalized children in Thane, a city in western India. With a well-developed building concept and a clearly evident child-friendly design, the architects embrace both architectural and social sustainability. The center also accommodates community activities for senior citizens, for women’s development training, and a crèche. “The proposal goes beyond social sustainability to include passive building technology, innovative design measures, and a viable economic model,” praised the jury.
Silver: Microlibrary in Indonesia
The promotion and dissemination of knowledge is a recurring theme in the Holcim Awards – and is reiterated within the project by SHAU from Bandung, Indonesia. Their pavilion in a park is as minimalistic as it is well conceived – providing not only a public library, but also storage facilities, public toilets, and a prayer room. “The project is open on all sides to the park surrounding it, inviting the community to enter and explore; it constructs a territorial landmark reinforcing literacy and defining community,” said the jury.
Bronze: Floating university building in Bangladesh
WOHA from Singapore aims to introduce buildings and open space on remediated swamp land in Dhaka, Bangladesh. They designed a university building that floats on a pond – and the overall design supports the cleaning of the pond. With vertical garden facades, photovoltaic panels, and controlled ventilation, this project could become a benchmark for sustainability in the Asia Pacific region. “Sustainability is deeply integrated into the building design, from thermal zoning to significant reductions in the use of energy and water,” stated the jury.
Acknowledgement prizes: For the benefit of communities
In the regional Holcim Awards, four projects in each region receive an Acknowledgement prize. pppooolll architects from Jakarta, Indonesia, plan to promote organic agriculture in rural Java with a training center for young farmers. A team from Tsinghua University and the Beijing University of Civil Engineering & Architecture in China proposes strategies for improving a historic district in Beijing with the support of local residents. A team from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, MA, USA, has designed an earthquake-resistant multifunctional building for water storage and flexible public use in Thecho, Nepal. Furthermore, Bangkok Project Studio from Thailand suggests a community hub in Rayong, Thailand, that multiplies the opportunities for cultural and community activities in the village.
Next Generation prizes: The future is in their hands
Four prizes were awarded in the increasingly popular Next Generation category for students and professionals up to 30 years. This category seeks visionary projects and bold ideas, and gives young professionals public exposure and a platform to gain recognition. The first of four Next Generation prizes in the region went to Mengyuan Zhu from China. She developed a model for transforming and revitalizing the village of Guming near Nanjing. The second prize went to Vedhant Maharaj from South Africa. He designed a culturally sensitive water-treatment infrastructure in Varanasi, India. Andi Subagio from Indonesia received the third prize in this category. He designed a multifunctional school in Ruteng, Indonesia. The fourth prize went to Tzu-Jung Huang from Taiwan. He studied the interrelationships between developed zones and ecological systems in Taichung City, Taiwan.
From project to reality: Community library and social recuperation
This is the fifth time the Holcim Awards competition is being conducted. Over the years, more than 200 projects have been awarded worldwide. More than half the winning projects have been built or are scheduled for completion soon. Thus, the Holcim Awards are not about “castles in the air” but about tangible measures that advance the science of construction. This aspect of tangible change is underscored by a prize that’s being awarded for the first time in 2017: the Holcim Building Better Recognition. It is awarded for a winning project from a previous competition cycle, one which has been realized and has stood the test of time as a particularly successful example of sustainable building.
In Asia Pacific, this accolade went to Robust Architecture Workshop in Colombo, Sri Lanka, represented by Milinda Pathiraja. Their design for a community library in Ambepussa, Sri Lanka, built with the support of former army personnel engaged in the nation’s civil war, shows that “turning swords into ploughshares” can be realized even today. The project received the regional Holcim Awards Bronze for Asia Pacific in 2014 and the Global Holcim Awards Silver in 2015. Today the library is a source of knowledge for veterans and the local community. The construction methods were selected specifically to help transition members of the army to civil life.
Prizes help make common sense commonplace
The magnified interest among architects, engineers, urban planners, and developers proves that sustainability has become embedded as “common sense” in the construction industry. The fifth cycle of the competition attracted more than 5,000 entries from authors in 121 countries. 3,606 entries were deemed valid, and more than half of these passed the pre-screening phase. They advanced for qualitative assessment by five independent expert juries in the competition regions Europe, North America, Latin America, Middle East Africa, and Asia Pacific. The juries evaluated the projects based on the five “target issues” for sustainable construction set forth by the Holcim Foundation – principles which define sustainable construction in a holistic way. The Gold, Silver, and Bronze winners from each region will compete for the Global Holcim Awards in 2018.
Winners of the Holcim Awards 2017 Asia Pacific
Holcim Awards Gold 2017 Asia Pacific
White Rabbit: Home for marginalized children, Thane, India
On a tight urban site, this project houses orphaned children in a building with a playful and generous vertical form.
By Avneesh Tiwari and Neha Rane, atArchitecture, Mumbai, India.
Holcim Awards Silver 2017 Asia Pacific
Microlibrary: Learning center, Bandung, Indonesia
Using simple construction, this “micro” library creatively promotes literacy and community across Indonesia.
By Daliana Suryawinata and Florian Heinzelmann, SHAU, Bandung, Indonesia.
Holcim Awards Bronze 2017 Asia Pacific
Floating University: BRAC university campus, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Remediating polluted swamp land and floating a new university building upon it, this project adds both open and built space to the city.
By Mun Summ Wong, WOHA, Singapore.
Holcim Awards Acknowledgement prize 2017 Asia Pacific
Growing Grassroots: Training center for organic agriculture in Parung, West Java, Indonesia
Organic farm and vocational center on the outskirts of Jakarta metropolitan region.
By Kamil Muhammad and Brahmastyo Puji, pppooolll, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Holcim Awards Acknowledgement prize 2017 Asia Pacific
Maximize the Minimum: Baitasi urban regeneration, Beijing, China
Regeneration of a historic neighborhood deploying minimal means for maximum effect.
By Yue Zhang, Liying Wu, Peiming Li, Cong Nie, Mengxing Cao and Yue Wang, Tsinghua University; and Shimeng Hao, Beijing University of Civil Engineering & Architecture, all in Beijing, China.
Holcim Awards Acknowledgement prize 2017 Asia Pacific
Water Collective: Multifunctional public space, Thecho, Nepal
A water-treatment and reservoir facility wrapped with social infrastructure.
By Miho Mazereeuw, David Moses, Aditya Barve, Larisa Ovalles and Hugh Magee, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Urban Risk Lab, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Holcim Awards Acknowledgement prize 2017 Asia Pacific
Catenary Arches: Ban Chang town hall, Rayong, Thailand
Surrealistic pavilion that turns a local waste product into a durable contribution to community.
By Boonserm Premthada, Bangkok Project Studio, Bangkok, Thailand.
Holcim Awards Next Generation 1st prize 2017 Asia Pacific
Low-rise, high-density: Participatory village transformation, Guming near Nanning, China
Low-rise, high-density urban transformation of a rural village.
By Mengyuan Zhu, Southeast University, Nanjing, China.
Holcim Awards Next Generation 2nd prize 2017 Asia Pacific
Sacred and profane: Water treatment infrastructure, Varanasi, India
Poetic interpretation of a water-purification facility providing public space on the banks of the Ganges River.
By Vedhant Maharaj, Rebel Base Collective, Johannesburg, South Africa.
Holcim Awards Next Generation 3rd prize 2017 Asia Pacific
School hub: Vocational training facility, Ruteng, Indonesia
A school that is more than an educational facility – a hub for multiple communal activities and vocational training on the island of Flores.
By Andi Subagio, SASO, Jakarta, Indonesia.
Holcim Awards Next Generation 4th prize 2017 Asia Pacific
Meta(bio)lism: Exploring resilient ecosystems, Taichung, Taiwan
Exploration of material stocks and flows at multiple scales as an alternative to predominant modes of city development.
By Tzu-Jung Huang, Feng Chia University, Taichung City, Taiwan.
Set within a park, this “micro” library aims to raise literacy by offering attractive spaces for reading. The proposal is part of a larger project to construct a network of libraries across the country. It will be the fourth completed by the group, each with a unique, site-specific design. This pavilion structure rests on four spirals of columns that define smaller enclosed spaces for storage, restrooms, and a prayer room. The rest of the covered space is completely open to the park. Ground and ceiling are covered with both natural and artificial greenery to extend the park into the building. Basic construction methods are easily achievable in the local context. By putting together simple components in a creative way, the project achieves complexity with minimal means.
The jury was impressed by the project’s vision of a network of libraries across Indonesia. Especially compelling is the specificity of each individual project. Every building responds to the needs of the local community and the urban context. Here, the project opens on all sides to the park around it, inviting the community to enter and explore. This is a fresh approach to the library – typically, a rarefied, closed environment. Unconventional materials – in this case, a moss ceiling and artificial grass floor – also make the project an exploration in unorthodox textures and construction techniques. By multiplying small, inviting reading spaces without replicating a single design gesture, the project constructs a territorial project reinforcing literacy and defining community.See more
Microlibrary as a program to empower users: the power of small, attractive, and many
In 2012, we initiated the Microlibrary program, with a mission: to make learning attractive and reachable for Indonesia and beyond. Though the economic forecast for Indonesia is optimistic, the current infrastructure does not support to improve its Human Development Index. Eager-learning students are hindered by the lack of facilities; libraries are far from being popular. The role of beautiful design can make libraries attractive again. Instead of positioning libraries in the city centers, why don’t we bring libraries closer to their homes? In 2016, two microlibraries have been built in Bandung. Four more are in planning, one is the Fibonacci Microlibrary. Each microlibrary is uniquely-designed to fit programmatic demands of each community’s and site’s potential.
From file to craft: bridging parametric-based design with local construction technique
The question is how to design and build within a simple manual labor-focused construction environment. Instead of from “file to factory”, a “file to craft” solution was sought. The parametric grasshopper model uses standardized construction elements (the rib structure) in a flexible way to generate design variations in terms of the amount of ribs, number, orientation and layout of spiral rooms, building height, rib dimensions. For the material, shotcrete structural insulated panels are used. Here concrete is sprayed onto a form core clad in a metal mesh. In this case it gives the opportunity to build a lightweight construction which reduces the load on the foundation and thus material usage. Cast in-situ method also solves logistic issue of transporting prefab ribs to the site.
New nature: modern urban ruin in the lush green park (landscape = furniture = structure)
Being situated within a park, having an all-side open pavilion where one can enter from any direction is contextual and relevant. We would like to perceive the pavilion as a fully integrated structure and being reclaimed by nature like an almost forgotten ruin. We question the modernist idea of functional separation of constructive elements and thus the columns made of ribs were designed with a bigger radius so as to house multiple programs. At the same time the ribs will function as integrated bookshelves for the library. In that sense the spiral array of the ribs is a hybrid of structure, functional requirements and fixed furniture. Green roof, moss ceiling and green carpet (artificial grass) enable the continuation of the park into the library, an experience of seamless green spaces.See more
Language: Bahasa Indonesia with English subtitles
Two Holcim Awards winning teams examined how sustainable construction …
Learning Center in Bandung, Indonesia – Set within a park, this “micro” library aims to raise literacy by offering …
Architects Florian Heinzelmann and Daliana Suryawinata from SHAU won the Silver Award in Asia Pacific and view the use …
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